TikTok’s rise within the West is unprecedented for any Chinese language tech firm, and so is the quantity of consideration it has attracted from politicians worldwide. Under is a timeline of how TikTok grew from what some thought-about one other “copycat” brief video app to world dominance and finally grew to become a goal of the U.S. authorities.
These years have been a interval of quick development for ByteDance, the Beijing-based father or mother firm behind TikTok. Initially launched in China as Douyin, the video-sharing app rapidly was wildly profitable in its home market earlier than setting its sights on the remainder of the world.
Zhang Yiming, a 29-year-old serial engineer, establishes ByteDance in Beijing.
Chinese language product designer Alex Zhu launches Musical.ly.
ByteDance launches Douyin, which is regarded by many as a Musical.ly clone. It launches Douyin’s abroad model TikTok later that yr.
TikTok merges with Musical.ly and and launches within the U.S., the place it quickly becomes popular, the primary social media app from a Chinese language tech firm to realize that degree of success there. However on the identical time, its possession results in questions on nationwide safety and censorship, in opposition to the backdrop of the U.S.-China tariff wars and elevated scrutiny of Chinese language tech corporations (together with Huawei and ZTE) beneath the Trump administration.
ByteDance buys Musical.ly for $800 million to $1 billion. (link)
TikTok merges with Musical.ly and turns into obtainable within the U.S. (link)
TikTok surpassed Fb, Instagram, Snapchat and YouTube in downloads. (link)
Fb launches TikTok rival Lasso. (link)
TikTok reaches one billion installs on the App Retailer and Google Play. (link)
The U.S. Federal Commerce Fee fines TikTok $5.7 million over violation of youngsters privateness regulation. (link)
TikTok tops the App Retailer for the fifth quarter in a row. (link)
TikTok is discovered censoring subjects thought-about delicate by the Beijing authorities. (link)
TikTok faucets company regulation agency Okay&L Gates for recommendation on content material moderation within the U.S. (link)
U.S. lawmakers ask intelligence chief Joseph Maguire to analyze if TikTok poses a risk to nationwide safety. (link)
TikTok says it has by no means been requested by the Chinese language authorities to take away any content material and wouldn’t accomplish that if requested. (link)
The Committee on International Funding in the US reportedly opens a nationwide safety probe into TikTok. (link)
Instagram launches TikTok rival Reels. (link)
TikTok apologizes for eradicating a viral video about abuses in opposition to Uighurs. (link)
The U.S. Navy reportedly bans TikTok. (link)
The app is now a mainstay of on-line tradition in America, particularly amongst Era Z, and its person base has grown even wider as individuals search diversions in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. However TikTok faces an escalating sequence of presidency actions, creating confusion about its future in America.
Revived Dubsmash grows into TikTok’s imminent rival. (link)
TikTok lets exterior specialists study its moderation practices at its “transparency heart.” (link)
Senators introduce a invoice to limit the usage of TikTok on authorities gadgets. (link)
TikTok brings in exterior specialists to craft content material insurance policies. (link)
TikTok introduces parental controls. (link)
TikTok tops two billion downloads. (link)
TikTok discloses how its content material advice system works. (link)
YouTube launches TikTok rival. (link)
Fb shuts down TikTok rival Lasso. (link)
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says the U.S. is trying to ban TikTok. (link)
TikTok introduced a $200 million fund for U.S. creators. (link)
Trump advised reporters he’ll use govt energy to ban TikTok. (link)
After weeks of hypothesis, Trump indicators an govt order in August in opposition to ByteDance. ByteDance begins looking for American consumers for TikTok, however the firm additionally fights the chief order in courtroom. A gaggle of TikTok creators additionally file a lawsuit difficult the order. The previous few months of 2020 develop into a relentless, and sometimes complicated, flurry of occasions and new developments for TikTok observers, endlessly.
Reviews say ByteDance agrees to divest TikTok’s U.S. operations and Microsoft will take over. (link)
Trump indicators opposition to the ByteDance-Microsoft deal. (link)
Microsoft pronounces discussions concerning the TikTok buy will full no later than September 15. (link)
Trump shifts tone and says he expects a lower from the TikTok sale. (link)
TikTok broadens fact-checking partnerships forward of the U.S. election. (link)
August 7: In essentially the most vital escalation of tensions between the U.S. authorities and TikTok, Trump indicators an govt order banning “transactions” with ByteDance in 45 days, or on September 20. (link). TikTok says the order was “issued with none due course of” and would danger “undermining world companies’ belief in the US’ dedication to the rule of regulation.” (link)
August 9: TikTok reportedly plans to problem the Trump administration ban. (link)
Oracle can also be reportedly bidding for the TikTok sale. (link)
August 24: TikTok and ByteDance file their first lawsuit in federal courtroom in opposition to the chief order, naming President Trump, Secretary of State Wilbur Ross and the U.S. Division of Commerce as defendants. The go well with seeks to stop the federal government from banning TikTok. Filed in U.S. District Court docket Central District of California (case quantity 2:20-cv-7672), it claims Trump’s govt order is unconstitutional. (link)
TikTok reaches 100 million customers within the U.S. (link)
August 27: TikTok CEO Kevin Mayer resigns after 100 days. (link)
Walmart says it has expressed curiosity in teaming up with Microsoft to bid for TikTok. (link)
August 28: China’s revised export legal guidelines might block TikTok’s divestment. (link)
China says it might somewhat see TikTok shuttered than offered to an American agency. (link)
September 13: Oracle confirms it’s a part of a proposal submitted by ByteDance to the Treasury Division wherein Oracle will function the “trusted know-how supplier.” (link)
September 18: The Commerce Division publishes regulations in opposition to TikTok that may take impact in two phases. The app will now not be distributed in U.S. app shops as of September 20, however it will get an extension on the way it operates till November 12. After that, nonetheless, it would now not have the ability to use web internet hosting providers within the U.S., rendering it inaccessible. (link)
On the identical day because the Commerce Division’s announcement, two separate lawsuits are filed in opposition to Trump’s govt order in opposition to TikTok. One is filed by ByteDance, whereas the opposite is by three TikTok creators.
The one filed by TikTok and ByteDance is in U.S. District Court docket for the District of Columbia (case quantity 20-cv-02658), naming President Trump, Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross and the Commerce Division as defendants. It is vitally much like the go well with ByteDance beforehand filed in California. TikTok and ByteDance’s legal professionals argue that Trump’s govt order violates the Administrative Process Act, the best to free speech, and due course of and takings clauses.
The opposite lawsuit, filed by TikTok creators Douglas Marland, Cosette Rinab and Alec Chambers, additionally names the president, Ross and the Division of Commerce as defendants. The go well with, filed within the U.S. District Court docket for the Japanese District of Pennsylvania (case quantity 2:20-cv-04597), argues that Trump’s govt order “violates the primary and fifth amendments of the U.S. Structure and exceeds the President’s statutory authority.”
September 19: Sooner or later earlier than the September 20 deadline that may have pressured Google and Apple to take away TikTok from their app shops, the Commerce Division extends it by a week to September 27. That is reportedly to provide ByteDance, Oracle and Walmart time to finalize their deal.
On the identical day, Marland, Rinab and Chambers, the three TikTok creators, file their first movement for a preliminary injunction in opposition to Trump’s govt order. They argue that the chief order violates freedom of speech and deprives them of “protected liberty and property pursuits with out due course of,” as a result of if a ban goes into impact, it might forestall them from making revenue from TikTok-related actions, like promotional and branding work.
September 20: After submitting the D.C. District Court docket lawsuit in opposition to Trump’s govt order, TikTok and ByteDance formally withdraw their related pending go well with within the U.S. District Court docket of Central District of California.
September 21: ByteDance and Oracle verify the deal however ship conflicting statements over TikTok’s new possession. TikTok is valued at an estimated $60 billion. (link)
September 22: China’s state newspaper says China received’t approve the TikTok sale, labeling it “extortion.” (link)
September 23: TikTok and ByteDance ask the U.S. District Court docket for the District of Columbia to grant a preliminary injunction in opposition to the chief order, arguing that the September 27 ban eradicating TikTok from app shops will “inflict direct, rapid, and irreparable hurt on Plaintiffs in the course of the pendency of this case.” (link)
September 26: U.S. District Court docket Decide Wendy Beetlestone denies Marland, Rinab and Chambers’ motion for a preliminary injunction in opposition to the chief order, writing that the three didn’t reveal “they’ll undergo rapid, irreparable hurt if customers and potential customers can’t obtain or replace” TikTok after September 27, since they’ll nonetheless have the ability to use the app.
September 27: Simply hours earlier than the TikTok ban was set to enter impact, U.S. District Court docket Decide Carl J. Nichols grants ByteDance’s request for a preliminary injunction whereas the courtroom considers whether or not the app poses a danger to nationwide safety. (link)
September 29: TikTok launches a U.S. election information within the app. (link)
Snapchat launches a TikTok rival. (link)
TikTok says it’s implementing actions in opposition to hate speech. (link)
TikTok companions with Shopify on social commerce (link)
October 13: After failing to win their first request for a preliminary injunction, TikTok creators Marland, Rinab and Chambers file a second one. This time, their request focuses on the Commerce Division’s November 12 deadline, which they are saying will make it unattainable for customers to entry or submit content material on TikTok if it goes into impact.
October 30: U.S. District Decide Wendy Beetlestone grants TikTok creators Marland, Chambers and Rinab’s second request for a preliminary injunction in opposition to the TikTok ban. (link)
November 7: After 5 days of ready for vote counts, Joe Biden is declared the president-elect by CNN, adopted by the AP, NBC, CBS, ABC and Fox Information. With Biden set to be sworn in as president on January 20, the way forward for Trump’s govt order in opposition to TikTok turns into much more unsure.
November 10: ByteDance asks the federal attraction courtroom to vacate the U.S. authorities’s divestiture order that may drive it to promote the app’s American operations by November 12. Filed as a part of the lawsuit in D.C. District Court docket, ByteDance stated it requested the Committee on International Investments in the US for an extension, however hadn’t been granted one but. (link)
November 12: That is the day that the Commerce Division’s ban on transactions with ByteDance, together with offering web internet hosting providers to TikTok (which might cease the app from with the ability to function within the U.S.), was set to enter impact. However as a substitute the case turns into extra convoluted because the U.S. authorities sends blended messages about TikTok’s future.
The Commerce Division says it will abide by the preliminary injunction granted on October 30 by Decide Beetlestone, pending additional authorized developments. However, across the identical time, the Justice Division information an attraction in opposition to Beetlestone’s ruling. Then Decide Nichols units new deadlines (December 14 and 28) within the D.C. District Court docket lawsuit (the one filed by ByteDance in opposition to the Trump administration) for each side to file motions and different new paperwork within the case. (link)
November 25: The Trump administration grants ByteDance a seven-day extension of the divestiture order. The deadline for ByteDance to finalize a sale of TikTok is now December 4.
This timeline might be up to date as developments happen.